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Romanian Journal of Neurology, Volume XV, No. 4, 2016
ISSN 1843-8148  |  e-ISSN 2069-6094
ISSN-L 1843-8148

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WHEN THROMBOCYTOPENIA CAN LEAD TO FETAL STROKE?

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ABSTRACT

Fetal stroke is a rare disease that occurs between 14 weeks of gestation and the onset of labor and can be caused by ischemic, thrombotic or hemorrhagic injury produced during pregnancy. One of the maternal conditions associated with fetal stroke is alloimmune thrombocytopenia. This needs to be differentiated from autoimmune thrombocytopenia, a condition in which mothers are previously affected. The neurological consequences of the fetal brain injury may be delayed neurological milestones, cognitive impairment, epilepsy and cortical blindness. Magnetic resonance represents the best diagnostic method to reveal prenatal brain injury.

Keywords: fetal stroke, alloimmune/autoimune thrombocytopenia, intracranial hemorrhage, neurological consequences

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